Jallianwala Bagh

Jallianwala Bagh, History and Importance

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Jallianwala Bagh

Jallianwala Bagh

Jallianwala Bagh is located in Amritsar (very close to Golden Temple). It is a historic garden which has historical importance in India. People remember this garden in the memory of hundreds of wounded and killed people in the massacre that occurred on the historic day of Vaisakhi 13 April 1914. On this day, thousands of people were gathered here to celebrate the festival of Vaisakhi in Jallianwala Bagh which is enclosed by the walls and had only one exit.

Many people were gathered here. They were protesters and they were defying the ban on public meetings. Because Britishers imposed a ban on the people of India that no one should do Public meetings. Because at that time people were very much encouraged to make India Independent from British rule.  

martyred sign

General Dyer and some soldiers arrived from the only exit gate and without warning, British troops fired on a large crowd of unarmed Indians and killed several hundred people and wounded many hundreds more.


Martyrs Well

Historical well (Martyrs well)

There is one well also which was filled by the water at that time. Some people jump in the well to save themselves from the bullets fired by the Britishers. It marked a turning point in India’s modern history because it left a permanent scar on the Indian people as well on the relation of India and British relations. After this massacre people and all freedom fighters fought with full commitment to free India from British rule and to take the revenge of the innocent people of India.

bullet signs on walls

Many tourists visit this place every day. People who have a special interest to know about the history of India should visit this place. You can see the bullet marks on the walls of Jallianwala Bagh which were fired by the British Armed forces. There is a museum-type special room in which you can find the photos of Freedom fighters. All have special importance with Jallianwala Bagh.

Jallianwala Bagh

This Bagh is managed by the Jallianwala Bagh National Memorial Trust, which was established as per the Jallianwala Bagh National Memorial Act 1951. It has a total land of 7 Acres. Many types of new plants are planted here and the many types of facilities provide here.

Read Also: Markets in Amritsar

Amar Jyoti in Jallianwala Bagh.

How To Reach There


By Air

If you are traveling by Airplane then you can land in Amritsar Airport. The distance between Jallianwala Bagh and Airport is approx.15 Km. You can take auto-rickshaw from there and also book a cab from there.

By Road

Amritsar is well connected with all means of transport. So it is very easy to reach Amritsar Bus Stand. From bus stand you can easily hire an auto-rickshaw to go to Jallianwala Bagh and they will take only 10 rs.

By Train

You can easily find the train to Amritsar from anywhere in India. After reaching Amritsar Railway Station you can hire an auto-rickshaw to go to Jallianwala Bagh and also can hire a cab that is easily available at Amritsar.


Best Time To Visit

The best time to visit Amritsar or Jallianwala Bagh is from October to March. In these months, the weather is so pleasant than other months. Sometimes the weather is like freezing cold in December and January.


Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

Q: What happened in Jallianwala Bagh in 1919?

A: On 13 April 1919, General Dyer ordered troops of the British Army to fire rifles into a crowd of unarmed Indian civilians who gathered there for defying the ban on public meetings.

Q: What is Jallianwala Bagh famous for?

A: It is a historical garden in Amritsar famous for its tragic events in the history of India. The massacre of 13 April 1919 took place in this place.

Q: Where is Jallianwala Bagh Located?

A: It is located in Amritsar.

Q: Why is it called Jallianwala Bagh?

A: Because during the rule of the Sikh Empire this land is belong to the family of Himmat Singh, who is the resident of Jalla district of Punjab. The whole family were collectively known as Jallewalle.

Q: Who has killed General Dyer?

A: Udham Singh.

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